Cornflower Flower Meaning: Symbolism and Significance



Cornflower Flower Meaning

The cornflower, with its delicate and vibrant appearance, carries a tapestry of meanings and symbolism across different cultures. At its heart, the cornflower is often associated with love, embodying romantic anticipation and the blossoming of affection. This enchanting bloom also symbolizes fertility, making it a meaningful choice in the language of flowers for those hoping to start or expand their families.

Beyond matters of the heart, the cornflower is a beacon of hope and optimism for the future. Its presence evokes feelings of anticipation, encouraging individuals to look forward with positivity. Additionally, the cornflower has been a steadfast emblem of devotion and reliability, signifying the unwavering commitment between loved ones. This flower also serves as a token of remembrance, honoring cherished memories and moments in time.

Cornflower Overview

Cornflower (Centaurea cyanus) is an annual flowering plant belonging to the Asteraceae family. It is also commonly known as Bachelor’s Button due to its use as a buttonhole flower by young men in the 19th century.

The plant is native to Europe but is now widely cultivated in North America as a garden plant. It is a tall, upright herbaceous plant that grows up to three feet tall. The plant has slender grey-green colored leaves and produces bright blue petals that surround a yellow center.

Cornflower blooms from May to September and is a popular choice for gardens due to its vibrant blue color and its ability to attract bees, butterflies, and other pollinators. In addition to its ornamental value, cornflower has also been used for medicinal purposes in the past.

The plant is also known for its cultural significance and symbolic meanings. In the Victorian language of flowers, cornflowers represented celibacy. The flower also symbolizes love, fertility, tenderness, unity, the future, hope, anticipation, devotion, fidelity, reliability, remembrance, delicacy, prosperity, and wealth.

Historical Significance

Cornflowers have a rich history and have been used for various purposes throughout different cultures and time periods. Here are some of the historical significances of cornflowers in different parts of the world.

Cornflower in Europe

Cornflowers have been a popular flower in Europe for centuries. In ancient times, the Greeks and Romans used cornflowers for medicinal purposes. During the Middle Ages, cornflowers were used to make blue dye for clothing. In the 19th century, the flower became popular in Germany and was used as a symbol of the Prussian state. Queen Louise of Prussia, who was a big fan of the flower, even used it in her wedding bouquet.

During the Napoleonic Wars, the Prussian army wore uniforms with cornflowers on them. After the war, the flower became a symbol of peace and was used as a national emblem in Germany. In 1918, when Germany signed the armistice that ended World War I, the soldiers who signed the treaty wore cornflowers in their lapels as a symbol of peace.

Cornflower in North America

Cornflowers were introduced to North America by European settlers in the 17th century. The flower quickly became popular and was used in gardens and as cut flowers. Today, cornflowers are still a popular garden flower in North America.

Cornflower in Estonia

Cornflowers are the national flower of Estonia and are known as the “blue cornflower” or “Estonian cornflower.” The flower has been a symbol of Estonia since the 19th century and is used in the country’s coat of arms. The blue color of the flower represents the country’s flag and the white center represents the snow that covers Estonia in the winter.

Symbolism and Meaning

The cornflower has been a symbol of various things throughout history. In some cultures, it represents love and hope, while in others, it symbolizes fidelity and devotion. The flower is also associated with remembrance, prosperity, and wealth.

Cornflowers are often given as gifts to express love and affection. They are also associated with anticipation and the future, making them a popular choice for weddings and other special occasions. The flower’s delicate and intricate design makes it a symbol of unity and freedom.

In the Victorian language of flowers, cornflowers represented celibacy. Bachelors would wear the bloom in their lapels when they went courting, and it became associated with romance and patience. The flower’s blue color is also said to represent power and strength.

In ancient Greek mythology, the cornflower was associated with the goddess Hera, the queen of the gods. According to legend, Hera’s milk spilled onto the earth, and the cornflower sprouted from the ground where it landed. The flower was said to represent the power of the gods and the beauty of nature.

Cornflower Flower

Cultural Significance

Cornflowers have a rich cultural significance that dates back centuries. In ancient times, the blue color of the cornflower was used to dye clothes and textiles, and it was also used as a medicinal herb to treat various ailments.

In some countries, the cornflower is considered a national flower. For example, in Estonia, the cornflower is known as the “Estonian blue cornflower” and is a symbol of the country’s independence. In Germany, the cornflower is a symbol of the Free Democratic Party.

In the language of flowers, the cornflower is associated with marriage, making it a popular choice for wedding bouquets and floral arrangements. The blue color of the cornflower is also associated with loyalty, making it a fitting flower for a marriage ceremony.

Cornflowers are also a popular choice for gardeners. They are easy to grow and care for, and their vibrant blue color adds a pop of color to any garden. They are often planted alongside other blue flowers, such as bluebells and forget-me-nots, to create a stunning display of blue hues.

In some cultures, the black center of the cornflower is said to represent the eye of a lover, making it a popular flower for romantic occasions. The delicate petals of the cornflower are also associated with delicacy and refinement, making it a popular choice for high-end floral arrangements and bouquets.

Cornflower in Art and Mythology

Cornflowers have been a popular subject in art and mythology for centuries. The striking blue color of the flower has made it a favorite among painters and artists who use it to create beautiful paintings and sculptures. In Greek mythology, cornflowers were associated with the god Zeus, who was said to have created the flower as a symbol of his love for the goddess Hera.

Cornflowers have also been used in Christian art to symbolize the Virgin Mary’s purity and innocence. In many paintings, Mary is depicted wearing a wreath of cornflowers on her head, which represents her devotion to God.

One of the most famous paintings featuring cornflowers is Vincent van Gogh’s “Vase with Cornflowers and Poppies.” The painting, which was completed in 1887, features a vase filled with blue cornflowers and red poppies. The contrast between the two colors creates a striking image that has become one of van Gogh’s most recognizable works.

In addition to their artistic significance, cornflowers have also played a role in mythology. According to Greek mythology, the goddess Flora created cornflowers as a symbol of fertility and love. The flower was said to have magical powers that could help couples conceive children.

In Christian mythology, cornflowers were said to have been present at the crucifixion of Christ. Legend has it that when Christ was carrying the cross to Calvary, a group of women gave him a wreath made of cornflowers. The flowers were said to have been a symbol of Christ’s purity and innocence.

Cornflower Colors and Varieties

Cornflowers are known for their beautiful blue color, which is the most common and recognizable color of this flower. However, they also come in a range of other colors, including red, pink, white, and purple. The colors of cornflowers are often associated with different meanings and symbolism.

The blue cornflower is the most popular and traditional type of cornflower. It represents hope, love, and loyalty. It is also a symbol of good fortune and happiness. The blue cornflower is often used in floral arrangements and bouquets for weddings, as it is believed to bring good luck to the newlyweds.

Red cornflowers are less common than blue ones, but they are equally beautiful. They are often used to represent passion, love, and desire. Red cornflowers are also associated with courage and strength.

Pink cornflowers are a symbol of love, friendship, and affection. They are often given as a gift to express gratitude and appreciation. Pink cornflowers are also used in floral arrangements for weddings and other special occasions.

White cornflowers symbolize purity, innocence, and humility. They are often used in bridal bouquets and other formal events. White cornflowers are also a symbol of new beginnings and fresh starts.

Purple cornflowers are associated with royalty, elegance, and luxury. They are often used in floral arrangements for formal events and ceremonies. Purple cornflowers are also a symbol of creativity and inspiration.

In addition to the different colors, there are also several varieties of cornflowers. Some of the most popular varieties include the classic blue cornflower, the double-flowered cornflower, and the black cornflower. Each variety has its unique characteristics and symbolism.

Cornflower in Gardening

Cornflowers are a beautiful addition to any garden. They are an ornamental plant that can grow up to three feet tall and have bright blue petals surrounding a yellow center. The slender grey-green colored leaves of the cornflower foliage are spindly and nondescript.

Cornflowers are easy to grow and care for. They thrive in full sun and dry conditions, making them an excellent choice for gardens in hot and dry climates. They have a deep root system that allows them to withstand droughts and high temperatures.

Cornflowers are not considered weeds and are a popular choice for gardeners who want to attract pollinators such as bees and butterflies. They bloom from May to September, producing a one- to two-inch round cluster of numerous tiny flowers.

In addition to being a beautiful addition to the garden, cornflowers are also commonly used in bouquets and floral arrangements. The blue flowers are a symbol of love, fertility, tenderness, unity, the future, hope, anticipation, devotion, fidelity, reliability, remembrance, delicacy, prosperity, and wealth. In the Victorian language of flowers, they represented celibacy.

Cornflower Flower Meaning

Cornflower and Wildlife

Cornflowers are not only beautiful to look at but also serve as an important source of food for various wildlife creatures. Here’s how they contribute to the ecosystem:


Butterflies are attracted to the vibrant blue color of cornflowers and often visit them to feed on their nectar. The nectar provides the butterflies with the necessary energy to fly around and continue their life cycle.


Cornflowers also attract other insects such as bees, which help in pollination. Pollination is crucial for the survival of many plant species, and cornflowers are no exception. The bees carry pollen from one flower to another, which helps in fertilization and the production of seeds.


Apart from butterflies and insects, cornflowers also provide food for birds and small mammals. The seeds of cornflowers are rich in nutrients and are often eaten by birds such as finches and sparrows. Small mammals such as mice and chipmunks also feed on the seeds.

Cornflowers, therefore, play an important role in sustaining the wildlife in their ecosystem.

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Cornflower in Cuisine

Cornflowers have been used in culinary applications for centuries. The petals of the cornflower flower are edible and have a slightly sweet taste. They are often used as a garnish in salads or as a decorative element in desserts. You can also use them to add color to your dishes.

Cornflowers can be used to make tea as well. Cornflower tea is caffeine-free and has a slightly sweet and floral taste. It is a great alternative to traditional tea and can be enjoyed hot or cold.

In addition to adding color and flavor to your dishes, cornflowers are also believed to have medicinal properties. They are known to have anti-inflammatory and diuretic properties and have been used to treat a variety of ailments, including eye infections and digestive issues.

It is important to note that while cornflowers are edible, they should be consumed in moderation. Overconsumption can lead to digestive issues, and some people may be allergic to them. If you are unsure about whether or not you should consume cornflowers, it is best to consult with a healthcare professional.

Medicinal Properties of Cornflower

Cornflower has been used for centuries for its medicinal properties. The plant contains compounds that have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects, making it useful in treating various health conditions.

One of the primary medicinal uses of cornflower is as an anti-inflammatory agent. The plant’s anti-inflammatory properties make it useful in treating conditions such as arthritis, gout, and other inflammatory disorders. Cornflower tea or tincture can be taken internally to help reduce inflammation in the body.

Cornflower is also a diuretic, which means that it can help increase the production of urine and promote the elimination of excess fluids from the body. This makes it useful in treating conditions such as edema, high blood pressure, and urinary tract infections.

In addition to its anti-inflammatory and diuretic properties, cornflower has been used to treat a variety of other health conditions. The plant’s medicinal value lies primarily in its ability to soothe and heal. Cornflower tea can be used to treat stomach ulcers, while rinsing with the tea is used to speed the healing of sores or bleeding gums in the mouth.

Cornflower oil is also used in aromatherapy to promote relaxation and reduce stress. The oil is believed to have a calming effect on the mind and body, making it useful in treating anxiety and insomnia.

Cornflower and Fertility

Cornflowers have long been associated with fertility, making them a popular choice for wedding bouquets and other romantic arrangements. In fact, in the Victorian language of flowers, cornflowers were said to represent celibacy, making them a popular choice for brides who wanted to convey their purity and innocence.

The association between cornflowers and fertility may have its roots in ancient Greek mythology, where the centaur Chiron was said to use the flower to heal wounds and cure infertility. As a result, the cornflower became associated with healing and fertility, and was often used in medicinal preparations.

Today, cornflowers are still used in traditional medicine to treat a variety of ailments, including digestive disorders, fever, and inflammation. They are also used in cosmetics and skincare products for their soothing and anti-inflammatory properties.

Whether you’re looking to convey your purity and innocence on your wedding day, or simply want to incorporate a touch of natural beauty into your skincare routine, cornflowers are a versatile and meaningful choice. So why not add a touch of this beautiful blue flower to your life and see what it can do for you?

Cornflower and Grain

Cornflower, also known as Bachelor’s Button, is a beautiful blue flower that has a rich history and symbolism. However, did you know that cornflower is also associated with grain, particularly corn?

In ancient times, cornflower was often found growing in fields of grain, especially cornfields. This led to the belief that the flower had a special connection with corn and was even thought to protect the corn from pests and disease. In fact, some farmers would even plant cornflower around the edges of their fields to keep pests away.

Cornflower’s association with grain also extends to its use in cooking. The flower’s petals have a slightly sweet, spicy flavor and can be used to add color and flavor to dishes made with grain, such as bread, pancakes, and porridge. The petals can also be used to make a tea that is said to have a calming effect.

In addition to its culinary uses, cornflower has also been used in traditional medicine to treat a variety of ailments, including digestive issues, inflammation, and eye problems. The flower’s anti-inflammatory properties make it particularly useful for treating skin irritations and reducing swelling.

Cornflower and Other Plants

Cornflowers belong to the genus Centaurea and are members of the Asteraceae family. This family of plants also includes asters and daisies. Other plants that are commonly associated with cornflowers include poppies and other wildflowers that grow in meadows.

The aster is a close relative of the cornflower and is often used in floral arrangements. The aster symbolizes patience, elegance, and love, making it a popular flower for weddings and other romantic occasions.

Poppies are another flower that is often associated with cornflowers. Poppies are known for their bright red color and are often used to symbolize remembrance. In fact, poppies are often worn on Remembrance Day to honor those who have died in war.

The Centaurea genus includes many different types of plants, including some that are used for medicinal purposes. One example is Centaurea cyanus, which is used to treat eye infections and other eye-related problems.

Cornflower and Industry

Cornflowers have been used in various industries throughout history. One of the most notable uses of the flower is as a source of blue dye. The pigment obtained from the petals has been used in the textile industry for centuries, especially in Europe during the Middle Ages. The dye was extracted by boiling the petals in water, which would create a blue liquid that could be used to color fabrics, yarns, and even food.

Aside from its use as a dye, cornflower has also been used in the production of herbicides. The plant contains a natural herbicide called catechin, which is effective in controlling weeds. However, its use as a herbicide has been limited due to its potential toxicity to other plants and animals.

Cornflower has also been used in traditional medicine as a remedy for various ailments. The plant contains compounds that have anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and diuretic properties. It has been used to treat conditions such as fever, headaches, and urinary tract infections.

In modern times, cornflower is still used in the cosmetic industry as an ingredient in skincare products. The plant contains antioxidants that help protect the skin from damage caused by free radicals. It also has anti-inflammatory properties that can help soothe irritated skin.

Cornflower and Water

Cornflowers are beautiful flowers that are often associated with water. The plant is known for its ability to tolerate drought, making it an excellent choice for gardens in dry areas. However, this does not mean that cornflowers do not need water at all. In fact, water is essential for the growth and health of cornflowers.

Cornflowers require regular watering, especially during the growing season. The plant needs about an inch of water per week, either from rainfall or irrigation. Watering should be done deeply and infrequently to encourage deep root growth. Shallow watering can lead to shallow roots, which can make the plant more susceptible to drought.

It is also important to water cornflowers at the right time of day. Watering in the morning or evening is ideal, as it allows the plant to absorb water before the heat of the day sets in. Watering during the hottest part of the day can cause the water to evaporate too quickly, leaving the plant dehydrated.

In addition to regular watering, cornflowers benefit from a layer of mulch around the base of the plant. Mulch helps to retain moisture in the soil, reducing the frequency of watering needed. It also helps to regulate soil temperature, keeping the roots cool during hot weather.

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